Planting large bushes and trees are great for adding coverage in a garden or yard, and it is important to provide them extra support through staking, should they need it. New trees and bushes or those that have sustained damage might need some extra support, so you should use stakes to help them grow strong and large. There are several methods of staking that will work best for your tree or bush depending on its size and root system.
Method One of Three:
Using a Single StakeEdit
1Select one bamboo or wooden stake. A single stake method works best with a bare root tree, or a tree that was dug out of the ground when leafless and that had all of its soil shaken from its roots. Select a bamboo or wooden stake for small and medium sized trees or if you’ve got a larger tree on your hands, use a metal stake.
- Select an angled stake if you’re concerned about letting your tree have room to flex and build up its own strength.
- Select a tall, straight stake if your tree is top heavy.
2Insert the stake on the windward side of the tree. Dig a hole 6–8 inches (15.2–20.3 cm) deep about 2 inches (5.1 cm) from the base of the primary branch on the windward side of the tree, or the side with the prevailing wind. If planted on this side, your tree will pull away from the stake instead of rubbing against it.
- If you’re doing preventive staking, place your stake in the ground before you plant your tree. This will prevent damage to the roots of your tree if you accidentally hammer your stake into them.
3Locate the primary branch. Once your tree has been planted, look for the primary branch that supports the most growth. This is typically near the center, but if you have a tree that has split down the center, there may be 2 primary branches.
4Tie the primary branch to the stake ⅔ of the way up the stem. Using a material with a flat, broad surface, such as elastic or a wire inside of a rubber hose, tie the branch to several locations on the stake for firm support. You should use a figure eight loop to tie the branch to the stake in order to prevent the stake rubbing up against the stem.
- Take care not to use a tie that is a bare cord or wire as these will cut into the tree and damage it.
5Remove the stakes after one growing season. After one growing season your tree’s root system should’ve spread out enough to fully support the tree without additional help from stakes. Remove the stakes and save them to reuse on another tree or bush.
- You could always leave the stakes in place after removing the ties. Then you’ll have a barrier to protect the tree from lawn mowers.
Method Two of Three:
Using Double or Triple StakingEdit
1Gather two or three wooden stakes and broad, smooth ties. The double/triple stake method is useful for trees with balled or burlapped roots to prevent it from rocking back and forth in the wind. You’ll need 2-3 stakes of the same size. They should be roughly ⅓ of the height of the trunk. Acquire 2-3 ties that are broad and smooth for attaching the tree to the stake.
2Drive the stakes on sides equidistant from the tree. Place your stakes at an angle about 15–18 inches (38.1–45.7 cm) from the trunk on opposite sides. Make sure that the stakes are buried deep enough in the ground that they do not give when pushed against.
- This will help to keep the tree stable in poor weather and storms.
3Attach the ties ⅓ of the way up the stem. Attach each tie about ⅓ of the way up the stem so the tree will have some flexibility to give in response to the wind.
- You want the tie to be firm, but with some give to it.
4Remove the stakes after one or two growing seasons. Make sure to remove the stakes after one growing season. If the tree’s root system moves in the soil when you remove the stake system, leave it in for an additional season.Advertisement
Method Three of Three:
Guying a TreeEdit
1Select stout stakes and strong wire. Guying a tree is the best method for large trees in areas with heavy winds. Guying anchors are shorter and stronger, and so you’ll need 3-4 stouter wooden stakes. You’ll need to gather wire and padding for the wire around the tree as well.
- Since you’ll be using shorter stakes, make sure you mark them with bright paint so no one will trip!
2Drive the stakes angled away from the tree. You’ll want to place the stakes equidistant from the tree’s stem below the edge of the tree’s canopy. Make sure they’re at an angle away from the tree for maximum support.
3Tie the wires on the canopy stem. Attach the wire tautly, but not restricting all movement, from the tree to the stake. You’ll tie the wire around the stem above the first set of branches, also called the canopy stem. Be sure to use padding, such as a rubber hose, to protect the tree stem.
4Remove the stakes after one or two seasons. If the tree’s root system seems firmly anchored in the ground, remove the guying system after one growing season.Advertisement
Is it okay to stake mature shrubs to limit direction of growth?
- This is okay if you do it carefully. You do not want the wire too tight against the shrub, which will damage the wood and potentially kill your bush. Try selectively pruning your bush to the desired direction of growth first. Then, gently stake your bush if you do not get the desired result from pruning.
How do I steak a small Redbud sapling? The wind keeps tipping it.
- Use the double or triple stake method described above. Dig stakes into the ground equidistant to the trunk. Attach the proper wire ⅓ of the way up the tree so the wire is sturdy but not too restrictive. Leave the stakes in for one growing season, then check strength of the tree in the ground and leave the stakes in for a second growing season if necessary.
I have a Russian sage that is huge - it's so heavy that the branches touch the ground. It's as tall as i am, 5'6". Is there a way for me to make it grow shorter? I trim it each spring.Answered by wikiHow Contributor
- I'm guessing you trim back the old growth in the spring. You should indeed do this. Once the new leaves emerge to about 6" of new growth, you can trim any old growth away. Depending on your growing season, your sage should be ready for another trim in about 4-6 weeks. You can now take off up to about 1/3 of your plant's height. (i.e.: if your plant is 3 feet tall, you can trim off 1 foot.) You can continue in this pattern for the rest of the season. This will also help promote more blooms, if it has been struggling with that.
How do I make my rose bushes stand straight?Answered by wikiHow Contributor
- It depends if they are a single-stock bush or a multi-stock bush. If single, be sure to have them well packed so they can't lean. As they grow, be sure to support the stems until they are mature and hardy. If they are a multi-stem bush, be sure to clear out old growth and keep only 1-3 year stems. Older than that and they cause the bush to spread and become overgrown.
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Things You'll NeedEdit
- Stake poles of wood, bamboo, or metal
- Ties that are smooth and broad
- A large hammer or mallet to pound stakes
- Stakes and guy wires
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